Tao Jiang

Speaker: Prof. Tao Jiang, Ph.D. Department of Computer Science and Engineering; University of California, Riverside; Tsinghua University, Beijing

Host:   Dr. Rui Jiang, Bioinformatics Division, TNLIST

ABSTRACT: As a fundamental tool for discovering genes involved in a disease or biological process, differential gene expression analysis plays an important role in genomics research. High throughput sequencing technologies such as RNA-Seq are increasingly being used for differential gene expression analysis which was dominated by the microarray technology in the past decade. However, inferring differential gene expression based on the observed difference of RNA-Seq read counts has unique challenges that were not present in microarray-based analysis. The differential expression estimation may be biased against low read count values such that the differential expression of genes with high read counts is more easily detected. The estimation bias may further propagate in downstream analyses at the systems biology level if it is not corrected. In this work, we propose a new efficient algorithm for detecting differentially expressed genes based on a markov random field (MRF) model, called MRFSeq, that uses additional coexpression data to enhance the prediction power. Our main technical contribution is a careful construction of the clique potential functions in the MRF so its maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation can be reduced to the well-known maximum flow problem and thus solved in polynomial time. Our extensive experiments on simulated and real RNA-Seq datasets demonstrate that MRFSeq is more accurate and less biased against genes with low read counts than the existing methods based on RNA-Seq data alone. For example, on the well-studied MAQC dataset, MRFSeq improved the sensitivity from 11.6% to 38.8% for genes with low read counts.This is joint work with Ei-Wen Yang and Thomas Girke, both at UC Riverside.

时间:2013年10月24日(星期四)上午 10:00 – 11:00
地点:清华大学FIT大楼 1-312